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千亿体量的传感器“摇钱树”,为啥中国人不热衷?

发布时间:2021-10-20      发布人:知识自动化      点击:

1、智能少不了传感器

CHUANGANQISHISHUJUCAIJIDEYUANTOU,TAWUCHUBUZAI。ZHINENGZUIQIANDUANSUOXUYAODETAISHIGANZHI,JIBENDOUSHIYAOCONGCHUANGANQIKAISHI。WULUNSHIZHINENGZHIZAO、ZHIHUICHENGSHI、ZHIHUIYILIAODENG,HAISHIZHINENGSHEBEIHEDASHUJUFENXI,ZAIPANGDADEZHINENGXITONG,DOUYAOCONGCHUANGANQIDEZHENJIANSHANGKAISHI。

YILIAOQIXIEJIEDEQIBING—DAFENQISHOUSHUJIQIRENYOU400DUOGECHUANGANQI;DINGDINGYOUMINGDEBOSHIDUNJIQIRENDAGOU,NENGGOUZIRUDIFANTIAOTENGYUE,ZEXUYAO1300GECHUANGANQI。RIBENZHUMINGDEMATONGPINPAILIZHULixil,ZHENGZAITUICHUDEZHINENGMATONG,MATONGGAIBEIMIANANZHUANGLETUXIANGCHUANGANQI,KEYIZIDONGSHIBIEFENBIANXINGZHUANG,ZHENGGEMATONGTONGGUO70DUOGECHUANGANQI,ZIDONGJIANCEBINGYUYUNDUANXIANGLIAN,KEYISHIXIANMANBINGDAJIANKANGGUANLI。ERBOSHIGONGSITUICHUDEGONGCHANGXIEZUOJIQIRENZHUSHOUAPAS,NEIZHILESHANGBAIGECHUANGANQI,YIBIANKEYIXUNSUGANZHIRENDEZHUANGTAI。

ZHEIXIELINGRENTANWEIGUANZHIDEZHINENGCHANPIN,QISHIDOUSHIYOUGONGXINGDE。ZHEIGESHIJIEDESHUZIHUABUFA,BANBUDOUBUNENGLIKAIXIAOXIAODECHUANGANQI。RANERZAIZHONGGUOZHANLVEXING、ZHICHENGXINGDECHANYEBANTUSHANG,QUEJIHUZHAOBUDAOCHUANGANQIDEWEIZHI。DANGXINJIJIANRUHUORUTUDESHIHOU,CHUANGANQI—ZHEIYIZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZHICHENG,QUEJIHUBEIRENWANGZAINAOHOU。ZHEIGEHUAMIANDAGAIRUCI,DANGSUOYOUGUANGXIANDEKERENYAOBURUDATINGDESHIHOU,JIAOHOUGENQUEDOUBEIJIAZAIMENWAI。ZHEIZHONGGANGADEJUMIAN,CHIZAOSHIYAOTONGDEDASHENGHANCHULAIDE。

2、两栖物种—传感器六大怪

GUANGFANSHIYONGDECHUANGANQI,TASHUYUYIXIAOBODADEGONGYEMENLEI,SHITONGXIANGQITACHANYEDEJICHU。DANCHUANGANQIYESHIYIGEHENDUTEDEXINGYE。HENDUOCHUANGANQIDOUJUYOULIANGQISHUXING:YIFANGMIAN,CHUANGANQIDEHEXINSHIXINPIAN,HUIZHUISUIMOERDINGLV,YOUZHEKUAISUJINHUADEDANAO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,TATONGSHIYEYUMINGANCAILIAO、JIXIEQIJIANZAIYIQI,SHOUDAOJIXIEDINGLIDEXUDUOZHIYUE。ZHEISHIZHONGDUJUTESEDECHANYE,SHIDECHUANGANQIBIXUJINGGUOXIXINHEHU,CAINENGFAZHANDEHENHAO。RANERZAIZHONGGUO,CHUANGANQIQUECHENGWEIYIGELINGRENJINGYADE“LIUDAGUAI”XINGYE。

CHUANGANQIDEDIYIGUAI:RONGLIANGBUXIAO,ERGUONEITOUBUWANJIAQUEHENXIAO。2019NIANZHONGGUOCHUANGANQISHICHANGGUIMODADAO1700YIYUAN,GUJIYOU1700DUOJIAQIYE。CHULEGEER、RUISHENGKAOZHEPINGGUOSHOUJIQIANGDADECHUHUOLIANG,TILIANGDADAOBAIYIJI,ZAISHENGXUECHUANGANQILINGYUYIJINGZHANZHUDIPAN。ERQITALINGYU,RUSHOUJI、QICHE、GONGKONG、KECHUANDAI、WULIANWANGDENG,JIBENSHANGDOUSHIGUOWAIPINPAIDESHICHANG。ZAIXIAOFEIDIANZI、ANFANGZHIWAIDELINGYU,CHANZHICHAOGUO1GEYIDEQIYEBINGBUDUO,ZHIYOUZHENGZHOUHANWEI、BAOJIMAIKEDENGPAOZAIQIANMIAN,QITAGUONEICHUANGANQIQIYE,JIBENDOUSHUYUTUDOUJULEBU。

CHUANGANQIDEDIERGUAI:ZHONGLEIFANDUO,DANZHEIGESHICHANGHENYINBI。GUOWAICHENGXINGCHANPINJIZAIYANZHONGLEIYOU3WANDUOZHONG,WOGUOYOU2WANDUOZHONG。ZHEIXIESHUZIWEIBIJINGQUE,DANCHUANGANQIWUYISHIYIGELEIBIEPANGDADECHANPIN。ERZHEIZHONGCHANPIN,QUEHENSHAOWEIYEJIEZHIWAIDERENSUOZHIXIAO。QISHISHOUJI、QICHE、GONGYECELIANG、ZHINENGZHUANGBEIDENGDOUSHIYINGYONGCHUANGANQIDEDAHU。ERZHEIJINIANFENGSHENGSHUIQIDEZHINENGZHIZAO、GONGYEHULIANWANG,DOULIBUKAIXIAOXIAODECHUANGANQI。DANGRANRENGONGZHINENGYEBULIWAI。KEYISHUORENGONGZHINENGPAODEZAIKUAI,JIAOSHANGCHUANZHEDEHAISHICHUANGANQIDEXIE。

传感器的第三怪:民品最怕断供,军工不怕价高。军用传感器已经高度自主化,主要是由于军品采购可以不计成本。而如果要到民用市场来竞争,那是既要拼规模,也要有高性价比。如果功耗小一点,成本小一点,那就可赢者通吃。因此民用市场的突破还很艰难,也无法从军工市场获得支撑。两条隧道,各通一边,没有打通。而民用仪表传感器高度依赖国外。日本横河跟重庆川仪有一家合资公司,生产横河川仪的仪表。日本横河提供的谐振式压力传感器,这是最高精度的压力传感器。国内攻关一直未能攻克。这家合资厂也只能依赖日本的传感器。

CHUANGANQIDEDISIGUAI:ZHONGGUOZHIZAOSUIYICHENGBENDIZHUCHENG,DANCHUANGANQIDECHENGBENYOUSHIHAIBIBUSHANGGUOWAI。ZHONGGUOMUQIANSHENGCHANDEDABUFENDOUSHIDIDUANCHUANGANQI。ERWOGUOZHONGGAODUANCHUANGANQIJINKOUZHANBIDA80%,CHUANGANQIXINPIANJINKOUGENGSHIDA90%YISHANG。ZHONGGUOSHENGCHANCHENGBENYEHENGAO,SHOURUCAIJIQIANWAN,RUHESHEDETOURUJIQIANWANJIANSHENGCHANXIAN?XIANZAIHENDUOCHUANGANQICHANGJIA,HAIDOUSHIDANGAN,SHOUGONGZHUANGPEIHENDUO。YINWEICHANLIANGSHANGBUQU,YOUDE1GEYUEDECHANLIANGYEJIU5000ZHI,GENBENTANBUSHANGGUIMOXIAOYI。ERBOSHI、OUMULONGDENGZAOJIUBAGONGCHANGSHELIZAIZHONGGUO,CHENGBENYOUSHITONGYANGJUDA。ERQIE,MEIDERIPINPAIQIYEDUIZHONGGUOCHUANGANQISHICHANGHUSHIDANDAN,DUISHICHANGFENEKANDEHENJIN。ZHONGGUOYIYOUJINBU,JIUHUIBEIGUOWAIPINPAIJIANGJIAJIYA。2010NIANRIBENOUMULONGYIGEKAIGUANYAOJIEJIN400YUAN,ERXIANZAISUIZHEZHONGGUOPINPAIDEZHUJIANJUEQI,XIANZAIZHIXUYAO60YUAN。LINGHUOJIANGJIA,JIANJUEBAOWEISHICHANGFENE,SHIGUOWAICHANGSHANGCHANGJIANDEYINGXIAOSHOUDUAN。ZHEIZHONGFANGFA,YIZHIJIANGGUOCHANPINPAIYAZHIZAIMIANHUANGJISHOUXIANFUJIN,HENNANFANSHEN。

CHUANGANQIDEDIWUGUAI:SHICHANGJUDA,RONGZIZUINAN。BENLAIZHINENGZHIZAO、RENGONGZHINENGDARE,CHUANGANQIZHONGYUYINGGAIYINGLAIXIANYUFANSHEN。DANSHI,MEIYOU。ZHEISHIYIGETOUZIRENBUDAIJIANDESHICHANG。YOUYUGUONEIDUIZHEIGECHANYEDEZHONGYAOXINGDERENSHIBUZU,DAOZHITOUZIJIEYIZHICHUYULENGDANQI。ZHEIGENCHANPINYINBI,ZUODAZUOQIANGBIJIAONAN,SHIYOUGUANXIDE。ERGUOJIADUIZHEIGECHANYEDE“LENGCHULI”DETAIDU,ZIRANYEYINGXIANGLETOUZIJIJINDEPANDUAN。

CHUANGANQIDEDILIUGUAI:BENSHIGUOZHIZHONGQI,NAIHELUODILUNWEIXIAOLUOBUTOU。CHUANGANQIZUOWEIGANZHIDEDIYIDAOFANGXIAN,SHIRENLEISHEHUIZOUXIANGZHINENGDEGUANJIANYUANTOU。RANERZHEIGEXINGYEYIZHIDEBUDAOZHONGSHI。SHANGSHIJI80NIANDAICHU,GUOJIAKEWEIZHUCHIDEKETIYANJIUZHONG,ZAITAOLUNXINXIJISHUBAOKUONAXIEJISHUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,“CHUANGANQIJISHU”YINQILEJUDADEFENQI。DANYINWEITILIANGTAIXIAO,ZUIZHONGHAISHIBEIQIEDIAO。ZHEIYIHUANG,SISHINIANDOUGUOQULE,QINGKUANGJIHUMEIYOUBIANHUA。SUIRANZUIJINLIANGSANNIANYOUXIEGULIFAZHANCHUANGANQIDEZHENGCELUXUCHUTAI,DANYIWULIDUERWUZIJIN,JIBENYEJIUSHICAOCAODIZOULEGUOCHANG。

CHUANGANQIQISHIJIUSHIHULIANWANWUDEWUGUAN,SHIYANJING,SHIERDUO,SHIGEZHONGCHUJUE。JINGUANRUCIZHONGYAO,QUEWURENZHONGSHI。CHUANGANQILIUDAGUAI,BENSHENJIUSHIYIDAGUAISHI。ZHEIKEZHENSHIYIGENZHAXINDECI。

3、惊人的利润

ZAIGUONEI,CHUANGANQIBINGBURONGYIZHENGQIAN。YOUYUXINPIANBUNENGZIZHU,GONGYIYANFATOURUJUDA,ZAIJIASHANGHONGHAIJINGZHENGJILIE,ZHONGGUOCHUANGANQIDELIRUNYIZHIBEIYADEHENDI。GENJUGUONEI40JIACHUANGANQISHANGSHIGONGSIDECAIBAO,JIANGJIN40%DEQIYELIRUNLVDIYU5%;ERLIRUNWEIFUJIUYOU6JIA。

DOUSHUOZHIZAOYELIRUNDI,CHUANGANQIKANLAIYESHIQIZHONGDEYIZHONG。BUGUO,BUZHENGQIAN,BINGBUSHIZHEIGEXINGYEDEZHENSHIQINGKUANG。RIBENJIENSHICHUANGANQIGONGSI,KEYISHUOSHIRIBENZUIZHENGQIANDEGONGSI。2019NIANYINGYEEJIEJIN360YIRENMINBI,ERLIRUN,ZEDADAOLEJINGRENDE180YI。LIRUNLVJURANCHAOGUO50%,ERQIECHANGNIANRUCI。CHUANGANQIZHEIZHONGZAIZHONGGUOJIHUMEIYOUJIANSHUDEXINGYE,BEIRIBENZUOCHENGLEZHENZHENGDEYAOQIANSHU。ZHEIJIAYICHUNSHEJI(Fabless)QIJIADECHUANGANQIGONGSI,ZHUYAOSHISHEJIHEXIAOSHOUCHUANGANQI、CELIANGXITONG、JIGUANGKEYINJIDENG。CONGCHANPINKAIFACELVELAIKAN,TACONGLAIBUDINGZHICHANPIN,JIANCHIWANQUAN“YIWOWEIZHU”DEBIAOZHUNHUACHANPINYANFA。ZHEIZHONGCELVE,WEICHILECHANPINYANFADEGUILVXING,ERDINGZHICHANPINZEHUIYOUHENDADEZHOUQIBUQUEDINGXING,JINGCHANGDAOZHIQIYESHIQULINGHUOXING。WEILEBUDUANKAIFAXINPIN,JIENSHICAIYONGLEGUANGFANDEYANFAXINXIYUAN,CUJINCHANPINDEDUOYANGHUA。ERCONGCHANPINXILIEERYAN,ZECAIYONGLESHENDUQIANTAODECHANPINZUHE。JIYOUCHUANGANQICHANPIN,GENGYOUZAICHUANGANQIJICHUSHANGZUOHAODECELIANGXITONG,CHENGWEICELIANGLINGYUDELINGTOUYANG。GUONEIXIANGHAIKANGWEISHI、DAHUADENGLINGTOUYANG,DOUSHIZOUDAXINGGONGCHENG。SUIRANYEZHENGQIANBUSHAO,DANQISHIGENCHUANGANQIYEMEIYOUTAIDAGUANXI。JISHISHIYIQITICHUANGANQIQIJIADEZHENGZHOUHANWEI,ZHEIJINIANYESHIZHONGDIANJUJIAOZAISHUIWU、HUANBAODENGZONGBAOGONGCHENG。CHUANGANQISHIYEBANKUAI,BUGUOSHIZHEIJIASHANGSHIGONGSIDEGAOKEJIZHIMINGERYI,CONGTILIANGERYANZEJIBENJIUSHIWUZUQINGZHONG。

CHUANGANQIZHUYAOYONGZAIDIANZICHANPIN、GONGKONGYUCELIANG、SHEBEIDENGJIGEBANKUAI。ERCHUANGANQIDEFAZHAN,ZUIZAOSHILAIZIGONGYEZIDONGHUADETUIDONG。DANZAIZHONGGUOZUIANDANDE,YEJIUSHIGONGKONGYUCELIANGZHEIGEFENZHILE。ZUIDIANXINGDEKEYISUANSHISHANGHAIWEIERTAIYIBIAOGONGSILE。ZHEIJIAQIYESHIYIHEDIANWEIRUSHOUDIAN,JINRUDAOCHUANGANYUYIBIAOLINGYUDE,SHUYUCHUNZHENGDEGONGYEZIDONGHUACHANPIN。CONGSHANGSHIGONGSICAIWUBAOBIAOLAIKAN,ZHEIJIAGONGSISHANGSHIYIJING14NIAN,DANZUIJINYINIANSHOURUDAYUEZAILIUQIANWANYUAN。BUDEBUSHUO,JINGYINGCANDAN。YAOZHIDAO,LINGWAIYIJIAJUTOUGONGSIHUONIWEIERGONGSI,QICHUANGANYUWULIANBUMENZAIQUANQIUDEYINGSHOUJIANGJIN60YIYUAN。

4、设计软件没人管

GONGYERUANJIANSHIZHONGGUOZHIZAODERUANLEI,CHUANGANQIGENGSHIRUCI。ERCHUANGANQIDESHEJIRUANJIAN,YESHIFEICHANGYINBIDEBISHOU。ZHEIJINIANMEMSCHUANGANQIFEICHANGHUOBAO,MEIGESHOUJIZHONGDOUYOUJIGE,RUGANZHIJIASUDUDE。ERYIBANDEQICHEZHISHAOYEYOUSHIDUOGE。DEGUOBOSHI、MEIGUOBOTONG、HELANENZHIPUDENGDOUSHIYEJIEJUTOU。ZHONGGUOZHIZAIMAIKEFENGDEMEMSCHUANGANQIBANHUIYIGEJIAO,ZUODEHENHAO。

RANERMEMSCHUANGANQIDESHEJI,XUYAOLIANGKUANHENZHUANYEDECADRUANJIAN。YIGESHIIntelliSuite,ZHEISHIMEIGUO1991NIANCHUANGLIDE,ZHEIYESHIZUIZAODEMEMSZHUANYONGCADSHEJIHUATURUANJIAN。LINGWAIYIJIAConventorWareYESHIMEIGUOGONGSI。ZHONGGUOHENDUOCHUANGANQIQIYEJIHUDOUZAIYONG,NENGZHANJUZHONGGUO80%DESHICHANG。DANGNIANZAIGUONEICHENGDAN863JIHUAMEMSYANJIUXIANGMUDE30GEYANJIUXIAOZU,QUANBUDOUSHIYONGZHEIZHONGRUANJIAN。TAZAIMEMSCHUANGANQILINGYUDEWEIZHI,GEN6YUEFENHAGONGDABEIDUANGONGDEMatlabRUANJIANZAIKEXUEJISUANZHONGDEDIWEI,JIBENYIYANG。ERZAIZHONGGUO,JIHUMEIYOUZHEIZHONGRUANJIAN。BUXINGDESHI,ZHEIKUANRUANJIANZAI2017NIANBEIFANLINLAMSHOUGOU;ERLAMSHIMEIGUODIERDABANDAOTISHEBEIZHIZAOSHANG。ZHEIDOUSHIMEIGUOZHENGFUZUIRONGYIDONGDAOZIDEDUANGONGZHIDI。

GONGYERUANJIAN,FEICHANGDEXIFENLE。RUGUOBUSHENRUDAOXINGYEZHONGQU,HENDUORUANJIANDOUSHIYINZANGERBUKEJIAN。ZHEIZHONGCHUJING,DAOSHIGENCHUANGANQIYIMOYIYANG。CHUANGANQIHEGONGYERUANJIAN,SIHUDOUCHUANZHEYINSHENYI。ERZHENGSHIZHEIXIEKANBUJIANDEGONGYERUANJIAN,QISHIANDIFENGSUOZHEZHONGGUOZHIZAODEZHUDUOMINGMAI。CHUANGANQISHEJIRUANJIAN,JIUSHIQIZHONGYIDAOLINGRENJINZHANGDEANXUE。MEIYOURUANJIAN,ZHEIXIECHUANGANQIHENNANBEISHEJICHULAI。

5、几乎全是卡脖子

ZAIZHONGGUO,XIAOFEILEIDIANZIDECHUANGANQI,YOUYUSHICHANGDELADONG,JINSHINIANYIJINGYOULEHENDADEJINBU。RANERZAIGONGYEJIDECHUANGANQI,KABOZIQINGKUANGBIXINPIANHAILIHAI。WEIRAOZHEKONGZHIYUCELIANG,YOUQISHIYIQIYIBIAOCHUANGANQI,JIHU100%JINKOU。

ZHONGGUOYIBIAODEBIANSONGQILIANGDAJUTOU,DOUSHI“GUOWAIXIN”。ZHONGQINGHENGHECHUANYINIANCHANGUIXIEZHENBIANSONGQI30WANTAI,CHUANGANQIYONGDESHIRIBENHENGHEDE;BEIJINGLUOSIMENGTE,MEINIAN30WANTAIJINSHUDIANRONGBIANSONGQI,YONGDESHIMEIGUOLUOSIMENGTEDECHUANGANQI。KEYISHUO,ZHEILIANGJIAZHANJUZHONGGUO70%YISHANGSHICHANGDELONGTOUQIYE,JIBENJIUSHIJIRIBENHEMEIGUODAGONG。QITAQIYEQINGKUANGYEYIYANG,ENDESIHAOSIE+HYINIANDAYUE5WANTAI,YONGDESHIDEGUOE+H;ERGUONEIPINPAIDELONGTOUQIYE,YONGDEJIBENDOUSHIDEGUOFirstSensor。YAOMINGDESHI,ZHEIJIAGONGSI,ZAIJINNIAN3YUEBEIMEIGUOCHUANGANQIJUTOUTAIKELIANJIEGONGSISUOSHOUGOU。ZHEIDUIYUZHONGGUODEYIBIAO,SHIJISHANGFEICHANGDEXIONGXIAN。JINHOUSHIFOUHAINENGMAIDAODEGUOCHUANGANQIXINPIAN,CUNZAIZHEJIDADEBUQUEDINGXING。ZHEIYIWEIZHE,SHIHUA、YIYAODENGLIUCHENGXINGYEGUANGFANSHIYONGDEBIANSONGQI,QIZHONGDECHUANGANQICHULEYONGRIBENHENGHEHEMEIGUOLUOSIMENGTEDEXINPIAN,YUANBENYONGDEGUODEGONGSIDEXIANZAIYEYAOYILAIMEIGUOGONGSILE。

QITAXINGYEYEJIBENSHILEISIDEZHUANGKUANG。GENJUCHUANGANQIGUOJIAGONGCHENGYANJIUZHONGXIN《ZHONGGUOCHUANGANQIFAZHANLANPISHU》DETONGJI,QICHECHUANGANQI、GAODUANHUAXUELEIQITICHUANGANQI、GUANGXIANCHUANGANQI、HUANJINGJIANCECHUANGANQI,DUIGUOWAIJINKOUYILAIDUDOUSHIZAI95%YISHANG。ZHIYUHAIYANGCHUANGANQI,YONGYUYIDONGGUANCEPINGTAIDEZIDONGFUBIAO、SHUIXIAHUAXIANGJI,YIJIHAISHANGFUBIAODENG,ZESHI100%JINKOU。

GUORENFEICHANGGUANXINDEPM2.5ZHI,QICELIANGYIJIBENDOUSHICAIYONGYIBIAOJUTOUMEIGUOREDIANGONGSIDECHANPIN。TANEIBUSUOSHIYONGDEWEILIANGZHENDANGTIANPING,TONGGUOCELIANGLVMOSHANGWEIXIAOKELIDEZHILIANGERYINQIZHENDANGGUANDEPINLVBIANHUA,LAICESHIKONGQIKELIWUDENONGDU。YIJINGMICELIANGDECHUANGANQIZUOWEIJICHU,REDIANGONGSIDEYITAIPM2.5CELIANGYI,DONGZHEJISHIWANYUAN,SHENZHISHANGBAIWANYUAN。YEZHIYOUGUOJIAJICELIANGZHAN,CAIZHENZHENGYONGDEQIZHEIZHONGYIBIAO。ERZHIDAOZUIJIN,ZHEIZHONGJISHUCAIBEITIANJINDAXUEJINGYIXUEYUANBIYEBOSHISUOCHUANGLIDETIANJINTONGYANGGONGSI,JIBENGONGKE。ZHEISHIYIZHONGHENXINGYUNDEJINZHANLE。

CHUANGANQIDEKABOZIFANGSHI,YUJUEDABUFENQITAGONGYECHANPINDOUBUYIYANG。TAJIUXIANGYIGEMANSHANBIANYEDEDILEIZHEN,FENSANERYINBI。YAOZHUXIANGDUIZHEIYILEIKABOZIDUANBANJINXINGTUPO,BIJIANGSHIYIGEMANZHANGDEGUOCHENG。ERQIEYAOZHUGETUPO,YEJIBENBUXIANSHI。

6、历史上的动摇

CHUANGANQIYUTONGXIN、JISUANJIBEICHENGWEIXIANDAIXINXIJISHUDESANDAZHIZHU。DANBENLAICHUYUZHANLVEYAOCHONGDECHUANGANQI,ZAIZHONGGUODECHANYEWEIZHI,JIBENYIZHIBEIBIANYUANHUA。ZHEIZAIZHONGGUO,YOUGUOLISHISHANGDEDONGYAO。JUGUONEIXINXIHUALAOQIANBEIJIESHAO,SHANGSHIJI80NIANDAICHU,YIXIEZHUANJIACANYULEGUOJIAKEWEIZHUCHIDE“XINXIJISHUFAZHANZHENGCE”KETIDEYANJIUYUQICAOXIANGGUANZHENGCE。DANGSHIDIYIGEYAOJIEJUEDEWENTISHI:XINXIJISHUBAOKUONAXIEJISHU?JISUANJI、JICHENGDIANLU、TONGXINJISHUHERUANJIANSIDAJISHUDEDAOZHUANJIAMENYIZHIDETONGYI。WENTICHUZAI“CHUANGANQIJISHU”,DAJIAYIJIANBUYIZHI。

CONGLILUNSHANGSHUO,DAJIADOUTONGYI,CHUANGANQIJISHUSHIXINXIJISHUDEYIGEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。RUGUOQUESHAOCHUANGANQI,XINXIJISHUJIUBUWANZHENGLE,TIXISHANGWUFAZIQIA。DANSHI,CONGXINGYEYINGYEELAIKAN,DANGSHIDECHUANGANQICHANYETAIXIAOLE,BUYAOSHUOYUTONGXINCHANYEZHEIYANGDEDACHANYEBI,JIUSHIHEDANGSHIDERUANJIANZHEIYANGDE“XIAOCHANYE”BI,YEBUZAIYIGELIANGJISHANG。RUGUOBINGLIEZAIWENJIANZHONG,FEICHANGNANYILUOBI。TAOLUNLEHENZHANGYIDUANSHIJIAN,ZUIHOUHAISHI“RENTONGGEAI”LE。

KEYISHUO,XINXIJISHUGANGGANGQIBU,ZUOWEIZHIDIANZHIYIDECHUANGANQI,CONGYIKAISHIJIUBEIBIANYUANHUA。ZHEIZHONGPIANCHA,YIWEIZHEZHONGGUODEXINXIHUA,YIZHIJIUSHIQUETUIDEXINXIHUA。ERJINRUSHUZIHUASHIDAI,GONGYEHULIANWANGCHENGWEIGUOJIAZHANLVE,ZHEIZHONGQUETUIJIUGENGJIAMINGXIAN。RANER,ZHEIZHONGLISHISHANGDEDONGYAOSUOXINGCHENGDEYINXINGPIANCHA,LIJINGSISHINIAN,YUEFAJIXING,ERQIEZHIDAOZHIJIN,YEWEINENGDEDAOJIUZHENG。

XIANZAI,YINGGAISHIHUIDAOYUANDIAN,ZHONGSUGENJIDESHIHOULE。

7、小记

XINPIANKABOZI,JUGUOSHANGXIAQUNQINGJIFEN,DAOCHUDOUSHIDATOUZI。DANZHONGGUODEKABOZI,QISHISHIYIGEXITONGXINGGONGCHENG,BUSHIZHICHUXIANZAIMOUYIGEJIEDIANSHANG。YAOSHUOKABOZI,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOJIHUJIUSHIZHANGJINGLUDEBOZI,DAOCHUDOUSHIKADIAN。XUDUOBUTONGDEKABOZIJISHU,DICENGYOUZHEGENGWEIYINBIDEJIAOCUOGUANXI。CHUANGANQIDEXINPIAN,BINGBUXUYAOTAIGAODENAMIZHICHENG,XIANGDANGQIANZUIREDECHUANGANQIDEWEIJIDIANXITONGMEMS,TAXUYAODEZHICHENGSHENZHIKEYIYONGWEIMIJIWANCHENG。YIJUGUOZHILI,KUANGREDETOUZI,DOUYAOQUJIEJUEHUAWEISHOUJIXINPIAN,HUOZHEZHONGXINGUOJIDEXIANJINZHICHENGWENTI,JIBUKEXUE,YEBULIXING,GENGHUSHILEQITATONGYANGZHONGYAODECHANYESHICHANG。

GENXINPIANKABOZISHIKAZAIMINGCHUWANQUANBUTONG,CHUANGANQIZAIZHONGGUODECHANYEDIWEI,JIBENJIUSHIYIGEHEIHUKOU,WURENGUANZHU。ZHEICAISHICHUANGANQICHANYEZUILINGRENDANXINDEDIFANG。ZHONGGUOSHUZIJINGJIYIJINGSHIPANGRANDAWU,MUQIANZHANGDPDEBIZHONGYUEWEI35%,ZONGLIANGCHAOGUO30WANYIYUAN。CHUANGANQIZHENGSHISHUZIJINGJIDEZUIJIBENDEZHIDIAN。RANERZAIZHEIZUOPANGDAGONGDIANDERUKOUCHU,SHOUMENDESHAOBING,QUEYIRANZAIHUNSHUIZHONG。

ZHEISHIZHINENGDAMENDEQUESHI。CHUANGANQIJIUXIANGWUCHUBUZAIDEXIAOSHANGKOU,SUISHIDOUKENENGZUOTONG。CHUANGANQIZHISHANG,ZHONGGUOBUKECHENGDANG。BENWENZHUANZAIZIWEIXINGONGZHONGHAO“ZHISHIZIDONGHUA”,ZUOZHE:LINXUEPING,RUYOUQINQUAN,QINGLIANXIWANGZHANSHANCHU。